Laser liposuction is one of the methods to remove excess fat from various parts of the body. The procedure is carried out by a plastic surgeon using an optical fiber probe and a laser beam. Liposuction is suitable for the local neutralization of adipose tissue; therefore, obesity cannot be completely eliminated. The laser method helps to remove fat from the most inaccessible places, including from the chin. How exactly does liposuction go, who needs it and what risks should the patient consider?
What is laser chin liposuction for?
The face is a key part of a person’s appearance. If the size and shape of the body can be varied using physical activity and changing the diet, then the situation with the person is different. It is this part of the body that is losing weight later than the rest, and all the shortcomings of the lifestyle are reflected in sensitive skin. Defects in the eyes, lips, face shape can be hidden with makeup, but a massive chin will be visible even under a layer of high-quality make-up. The only way to improve his appearance is surgery.
The chin suffers from age-related changes. With age, the skin loses its former elasticity and firmness, the concentration of vitamins and collagen decreases, which leads to sagging, pigmentation and sagging. Age also affects metabolic processes. Metabolism slows down, and fat accumulates with a vengeance. Hormones can influence the state of the chin or its shape may be unattractive due to the anatomical features.
The essence of the procedure
First of all, anesthesia is administered to the patient. Then the surgeon makes a micro-incision in the area of the earlobes or oral cavity. The localization of the incision depends on the area of access to body fat. A cannula, a laser probe are introduced into it and the tissue is cleaved. Cannula is a thin hollow tube made of dense material. A probe is placed inside it and directed to the desired area of the skin. If it is impossible to make a puncture in the mouth or in the folds of the earlobe, the doctor makes an incision on the chin itself (mainly in the lower part to hide the seam).
As soon as the laser probe enters the body, it triggers artificial lipolysis (cleavage) of the cells. He heats them, destroys the membranes, making the structure soft and supple. Destroyed cells enter the bloodstream, and from there - into the liver for final neutralization. If the amount of fat exceeds the norm and can disrupt the functionality of the liver, it is pumped out using a cannula.
What is the advantage of the laser method? Firstly, a minimal postoperative trace on the body. If the incision was made in the oral cavity, then it will be completely invisible to others. Secondly, in the process of heating the cells, laser energy stimulates the production of collagen. It is a structural protein that is responsible for skin elasticity. The surge in collagen synthesis helps tissues recover faster and greatly improves their appearance. But this is a temporary process that can only be supported by effective care or plastic manipulations.
Most patients expect an instant result, but surgery is not the only aspect of the transformation. The postoperative care prescribed by the surgeon also significantly affects the skin condition. The first days in the intervention zone, swelling, bruising, and bloody clots can form. This is a normal body response to damage. Over time, the symptoms should go away on their own. If the damage persists for more than 7 days, inform your doctor.
It takes at least 1 month to complete tissue repair, and it will be possible to evaluate the result of plastic surgery only after 2-4 months. The time frame may vary, depending on the individual characteristics of the patient. Be prepared for daily care of the affected area, regular medical examinations and a relaxed lifestyle. For a while, you will have to give up physical exertion, applying makeup and stress. Only in this way you can get the desired result.
|Excessive concentration of fat in the chin area||The period of pregnancy, breastfeeding or menstruation in women|
|The need for aesthetic facial correction||Diabetes|
|Injury, thickening or sagging skin||Exacerbation of chronic pathologies|
|Temporary Health Impairment|
|Unstable psycho-emotional state|
|Presence of a pacemaker|
|Blood clotting disorder|
How to prepare for surgery?
Before the intervention, the patient must undergo a comprehensive diagnosis of the body, eliminate contraindications and assess possible risks. The first step is to go to a plastic surgeon. He will hold a consultation, determine the zone of intervention, write out a direction for analysis and visits to specialized specialists. What kind of tests should I take? General blood / urine test, test for hepatitis and HIV infection, ECG (determines the condition of the heart). Additional tests are prescribed by the doctor individually.
If all indicators are normal, the surgeon agrees on the date of the operation, selects the anesthesia method and warns the patient about possible complications / side effects. Two weeks before the intervention, the patient should abandon the use of drugs that can affect blood coagulation. It is recommended to avoid stress, excessive physical activity, it is forbidden to consume a large amount of industrially processed food. A full sleep and rest will also help to transfer the operation easier and recover more quickly. On the day of the intervention, it is forbidden to apply cosmetics to the face. It is necessary to remove jewelry, lenses, dentures, men should shave their chin smoothly.
The final stage of liposuction is fixing the face with an elastic bandage. It minimizes pain, limits muscle activity, and helps to form sharper contours of the chin. The shape of the brace depends on the area of intervention.
Immediately after surgery, the patient may experience nausea, vomiting, weakness, dizziness, and tremor (trembling in the extremities). Symptoms occur after general anesthesia and resolve on their own after a few hours. If this does not happen, you must consult a doctor. Already on the first day, the surgeon performs a dressing, applies antiseptic solutions and gels for the speedy regeneration of the skin. Additionally, antibiotics and other medications can be prescribed if the condition of the patient requires it.
The rehabilitation period takes at least 1 month. During this time, postoperative edema, bruising subside, and the oval of the face becomes clearer. The final result of the operation will be possible to evaluate only after 2-4 months (average value).
As soon as the patient is discharged from the hospital, the responsibility for postoperative care lies entirely on his shoulders. The first 7-10 days should pass in bed. A person should take medications prescribed by a doctor and treat the stitches with antiseptic substances daily. After removing the threads, the therapeutic course changes slightly. Instead of antiseptics, ointments and gels are used to protect, moisturize, and regenerate the scar.
An important role in the recovery process is played not only by drugs, but also by the patient’s lifestyle. It is necessary to eliminate excessive physical activity, give up smoking, alcohol and drugs, adjust nutrition and drink plenty of fluids to speed up cell metabolism. The patient must protect the body from infections, mechanical damage and stress, which can affect the condition of the skin and provoke complications.
Possible complications and side effects
Surgery is a tremendous stress for the whole body. His reaction may be unforeseen, therefore, any doctor should be informed of any pathological manifestations. After surgery, most patients develop swelling of the neck. This is a standard phenomenon caused by soft tissue damage. Edema should go away on its own 5-7 days after the intervention.
As soon as a person comes to his senses after anesthesia, the first thing he feels is pain. Its intensity and character depends on individual characteristics. Someone feels light tingling sensations when moving the head, someone sharp pain that cannot be tolerated. All painful sensations can be stopped with medicines (prescribed by a doctor). In some patients, on the contrary, sensitivity decreases sharply. This occurs when injuring nerve endings and is considered a gross surgical error. Be careful when choosing a clinic and surgeon, as it is about your health and quality of life.
Wound infection, bleeding, or the development of a hematoma are common complications after liposuction. Infection can penetrate the skin during dressing under non-sterile conditions. Bleeding is possible with vascular damage, and a hematoma develops with hemorrhage in the tissue cavity. All of these conditions can be adjusted. The main thing - do not self-medicate, but entrust health to a specialized specialist.
If before the procedure, the doctor incorrectly assessed the condition of the skin, then the risk of sagging, the formation of bumps or folds is extremely high. Problems with the quality of the skin can also occur with untimely refusal of the compression dressing. Another possible complication is the unnatural, tightened look of the chin. Most often occurs in young patients who have removed too much adipose tissue.
Before you agree to liposuction, evaluate your appearance and consider alternative methods of correcting your appearance. Choose the right makeup, review the diet, start practicing with a trainer, try physiotherapy. If none of the items are suitable, carefully prepare for surgery. Find a qualified doctor, undergo a comprehensive diagnosis and be prepared for a long, but effective recovery. Make the right decisions and be healthy.