Nutrition with pyelonephritis is a specific diet that helps eliminate the inflammatory process, normalizes metabolic processes in the body and acts as a source of strengthening the patient's immunity.
Infectious damage to the tissues of the kidneys is a disease of pyelonephritis. The disease is widespread, has an acute and chronic form and several stages of the course. Among its main symptoms are high body temperature, nausea and vomiting, pain in the lumbar region, cessation or impaired urine flow. Such pathology is treated in an acute form only in a hospital. To improve drug therapy and increase its effectiveness in parallel with the treatment of the patient is prescribed and the appropriate diet.
Food in acute forms of pyelonephritis should be gentle to the kidneys. At the acute stage, restriction of proteins and salt is recommended. Drinking mode at the same time is set more active, because if an inflammatory process occurs, the kidneys should be washed to reduce the concentration of pathogens in them.
Diet in cases of pyelonephritis in the adult population plays a crucial role in the treatment. Any non-compliance with the diet can lead to an exacerbation of the disease and an increase in the duration of drug therapy. Proper nutrition in pyelonephritis is usually chosen in order to establish the metabolic processes in the patient's body, rather to remove toxic substances, nitrogenous compounds and salts. If the diet is prescribed correctly and the person adheres to it, a swelling of the edema and normalization of blood pressure will soon be noticeable.
The basic basis of Pevzner's diet, which is used in cases of therapeutic treatment of pyelonephritis, is the medical "Table No. 7". Its essence is to reduce daily salt intake to a minimum amount, reduce protein foods, increase the proportion of vitamins consumed.
However, it is important to remember that a specialist should write down a diet in detail. For example, a complete rejection of salt can lead to a salt-losing kidney syndrome or to kidney failure, so the doctor makes a menu where the maximum daily salt intake for a patient does not exceed 10 grams. However, with abundant incessant vomiting, high fever, and sweating, doctors increase the salt rate for the patient to 15 grams.
Diet for renal pathologies for adults involves the fortification of food. For patients with pyelonephritis, the amount of daily intake of vitamins A, groups B and C should be increased by one and a half times. The diet menu should include easily digestible products that have passed the gentle heat treatment during cooking. With this diet, preference should be given to steam cooking with the addition of salt at the end of the cooking process. In addition to steam food, you can eat boiled dishes, fried food is not recommended. Fat is also not desirable for kidney disease. Eating boiled food costs from 5 times a day, however, when a high body temperature occurs, it is important to transfer the main food intake to the time when the thermoregulation of the body is getting better. That is, it is desirable to eat more at a normal temperature, and drink - at elevated.
The main goals of a diet with pyelonephritis are such processes:
- the creation of optimal conditions for the establishment of the renal functional;
- the resumption of the optimal metabolic process in all organs and systems of the body;
- lowering blood pressure;
- getting rid of stagnant body fluids and swelling;
- creating conditions for the complete elimination of salts, toxins and nitrogen compounds.
In cases of children suffering from pyelonephritis, the diet for them is not fundamentally different from that described above. The nutritional characteristics of a child may be his personal preference for certain products. For example, if you do not want to drink a lot of water, it is important to offer your child to drink juice, juice, tea. Fluid must be delivered to the diseased organism often, in small quantities. It is desirable in the case of a child's diet to provide his diet with 50% fermented milk products, to eliminate cocoa and chocolate from the menu, salty foods (nuts, chips, crackers) and soda.
In the case of the occurrence of this disease in infants, it is important to take into account certain features when drawing up their diet. The acute form of the disease must necessarily be accompanied by a water-tea diet, and breastfeeding must be clearly dosed. If an infant is bottle-fed, then in cases of exacerbation of pyelonephritis, it should be fed dairy products. At the same time it is strictly necessary to control the content of salt and protein in baby food. For feeding babies it is necessary to choose products in which extractive substances will be completely absent.
A rigid diet for pyelonephritis, even in the acute stage, is required for the patient only in the first days of the disease. In the future, it is necessary to eat, observing the basic principles of healthy eating, but not neglecting the variety of products. Experts recommend including in the daily menu of lean types of meat, poultry and fish that can become a source of animal protein, which gradually after tough restrictions must be reintroduced into the diet. Also for the daily diet fit vegetable, dairy, cereal soups, cereals (buckwheat and porridge - the best option). Excellent effect on the kidneys intake of large quantities of fruits and vegetables, as well as dairy foods. Dairy, fruit and vegetable food helps to shift the acid-base balance in the urine to the alkaline side, while the pathogenic microflora will die even without drugs, since it is the acidic environment that is the basis of life. Alkaline environment in the kidneys will help speed up the healing process.
The basis of the diet menu for pyelonephritis is calculated for a week. The first 2-3 days it is important to use a lot of herbal teas and teas, excluding completely the consumption of sugar. For exacerbations, you can eat unsalted vegetable soups, and later add dairy products to them. Among the most desirable vegetables for pyelonephritis, experts call carrots, squash with their high diuretic properties, pumpkin, potatoes. It is recommended to add watermelons and melons to fruits, which actively clean and wash the kidneys. Among the allowed flour products can be distinguished pancakes and pancakes, as well as crackers from fresh bread.
Observing a diet during pyelonephritis exacerbation, it is important to use such beverages as alkaline mineral water, rosehip decoction, compote based on dried fruit, rather weak lemon tea, diluted cranberry juice. Cranberry acid helps suppress the reproduction of pathogenic germs in the kidneys. Categorically, when pyelonephritis can not drink coffee and alcohol.
As in the case of any other diet, with proper nutrition for pyelonephritis, there are a number of products that should be excluded from the menu completely. These products include, first of all, all salty food - smoked and salted fish, preservation, where salt takes a significant proportion of the recipe, various cheeses. It is not recommended to eat too fatty foods - meat, fish, fatty varieties, fat sour cream. Meat dishes are rich in protein, which in the inflammatory process of the kidneys is contraindicated in the body.
Spicy and spicy with pyelonephritis should also be excluded. Such food provokes an exacerbation of the disease or even leads to the appearance of nephritis. Spicy and sour vegetables help to create an acidic environment in the digestive tract, which has a very beneficial effect on the migration process and the spread of germs. The acidic environment is their habitat, therefore, such food should be categorically excluded from the diet. Also, some acidic vegetables can further irritate the urinary tract, which should be avoided. These vegetables include radishes, sorrel, onions, spinach, chilli peppers.
Strong tea, coffee, sweets and chocolate can not be consumed during the treatment of pyelonephritis. These products are able to strengthen and provoke inflammatory processes, so even after the acute stage of the disease is eliminated, their use is undesirable.
Sample menu for pyelonephritis
In order to withstand a diet during treatment, it is important to eat a varied, not only beneficial. To the menu with pyelonephritis is not bored and there is no temptation to eat something forbidden by doctors, it is recommended to supplement the daily diet with all kinds of non-prohibited foods.
An exemplary menu might look like this:
- breakfast consists of a salad of tomatoes, cucumbers and vegetable oil, boiled buckwheat, bread with butter, weak tea with sugar and milk (in small quantities);
- for a second breakfast it is recommended to eat pudding from cottage cheese and drink it with fruit juice;
- at lunch, vegetarian borscht based on cabbage, potatoes, beets and carrots, baked fish with mashed potatoes and dried fruit compote are preferable;
- For dinner, you can enjoy semolina porridge, a portion of stewed carrots with dried fruits and weak tea;
- At bedtime, doctors recommend drinking a glass of kefir.
Also at breakfast with a diet you can eat carrot and apple salad, seasoned with vegetable oil, semolina and drink food with tea and sugar. Snack with pyelonephritis may consist of a glass of juice. For lunch, you can cook vegetable soup, lean meat and rice porridge as a side dish. It is recommended to drink dinner with cranberry jelly. Dinner can be cottage cheese casserole, baked apple and herbal tea.
At bedtime, kefir is better than nothing.
Diet "Table number 7"
When pyelonephritis occurs, experts recommend the patient to follow the therapeutic diet "Table No. 7". This is a salt-free diet, in which protein can be consumed in quantities physiologically necessary for humans. This food system provides for limiting salt intake to 2 grams per day and an increase in the amount of vitamins B, C, and P. 400 grams of carbohydrates.
Assigned "Table number 7" in cases of onset of the recovery period in acute nephritis from the third week, in chronic pyelonephritis, hypertension, pyelonephritis in pregnant women and other similar conditions. Thus, it can be understood that this diet is indicated for patients with a non-acute stage of pyelonephritis; it must be followed in everyday life by those who suffer from a chronic disease outside of periods of exacerbations. There are a lot of products allowed in this menu, among them there are those that cannot be used in acute forms of the disease. This fact is explained by the fact that "Table No. 7" involves bringing the patient's diet to a certain algorithm, which will be simple to follow. The gradual introduction of some of the forbidden foods will help the body adapt to the diet and not experience strong agony.
The approximate weekly diet menu "Table number 7" for the week is as follows:
- Monday - cottage cheese, toast, tea and jam, vegetable soup, nonfat kefir, mashed potatoes, tomato and cucumber salad, compote;
- Tuesday - steamed omelet with greens, juice from oranges, soup based on buckwheat, low-fat meat cutlets, weak black tea, salad of any fruit and green tea;
- Wednesday - milk with a piece of chocolate, low-fat fish cutlets, mashed potatoes, berry jelly, vegetable salad, cottage cheese, tea with lemon;
- Thursday - cottage cheese, sour cream, green unsweetened tea, vegetable stew, tomato juice, vegetable salad, mashed potatoes, low-fat kefir;
- Friday - honey toasts and weak creamy coffee, buckwheat, vegetable stew, low-fat kefir, banana, kiwi, orange juice;
- Saturday - yogurt with fruit, berry jelly, low-fat meat cutlets, mashed potatoes, orange juice, toast with jam, apple juice;
- Sunday - cottage cheese with sour cream, unsweetened tea, toast, salad from any kinds of fruits, low-fat kefir, vegetable salad, tomato juice.
Disease recipes for disease
When preparing the menu for patients with pyelonephritis, it is important that the food is not only healthy, but also tasty. The patient should not be bothered by the same thing, the variety and form of cooking even simple cereals and soups should be top notch.
Delicious delicacy in the diet may be for the patient "Guryev porridge." You will need to take half a glass of semolina, 2 cups of milk, half a glass of chopped walnuts, 2 tablespoons of sugar and butter, 1 egg, vanillin and salt to taste (limited).
Boil milk and pour salt and semolina into it in a thin stream. Brew viscous porridge, constantly stirring it to avoid lumps. After cooking, the porridge needs to be cooled, add the pounded egg yolk with sugar and whipped to a foamy protein, as well as chopped nuts, roasted in butter. Then milk is mixed with cream in a wide shallow saucepan and it is placed in a hot oven. At the same time, milk froths will be formed periodically, which must be carefully removed and temporarily put aside. In parallel, you need to make a sauce of 10 pieces of apricot, 2 tablespoons of sugar and 3 spoons of water. Apricots are ground, mixed with sugar, dressed with water and boiled until the fruit is boiled.
In a greased, thick-walled large frying pan lay out layers of porridge, then apricots, and on top of it all covered with foam. Layers must be repeated by putting a layer of porridge on top of the whole mass. The pan is placed in a preheated oven and bake the dish until golden brown.
For lunch, while observing the diet, it is important to eat healthy, high-calorie and tasty first courses. You can cook soup with beef meatballs, which will require 200 grams of beef, a slice of wheat bread, onion head, 1 carrot, a tablespoon of butter, 200 grams of potatoes or 50 grams of pasta.
Beef is passed through a meat grinder, a piece of bread soaked in milk is added to the resulting mince, salted and again passed through a meat grinder. Onions are added to the minced meat and ground pepper to taste. Meatballs are used to make meatballs the size of a small walnut, which are then placed in 2 liters of salted water, along with crushed carrots, onions and greens roasted in vegetable oil. Boiling soup is filled with potatoes or macaroni and cooked until cooked for about 15-20 minutes.
Nutrition with pyelonephritis plays no less important role than drug therapy. Only the competent use of certain products will help the body to cope with the infection and strengthen the immune forces to prevent its recurrence.