Chlorophyll is a natural pigment found in all plants, algae and some types of bacteria. By structure, it is as close as possible to the gem - the pigment that gives blood red color.
Chlorophyll is removed from plants by chemical reactions and used in the food industry as a dye. The index of the food supplement - E140. Sources of pigment can be algae and plants, bacteria are used for these purposes very rarely.
Method of obtaining
Natural food dye does not harm the human body, and therefore does not belong to the category of prohibited or dangerous food concentrates.
It is quite logical that with the development of the chemical industry, it became possible to synthesize chlorophyll in the laboratory. Therefore, manufacturers can add to the production of both natural and chemical dye. There are significant differences between these two species and this must be taken into account.
Natural chlorophyll has a diverse structure - it all depends on which plant was used as a raw material, the age and condition of the plant, and other factors. But the chemical component has a single structure defined by the formula.
But the main difference lies in the fact that in the process of chlorophyll synthesis chemical impurities can form that are no longer safe for the body.
If the manufacturer of food concentrate strictly follows the synthesis technology, then no impurities are formed. But if there is even the slightest violation of technology, then the synthetic E140 may have a completely different effect on the human body.
The appearance of chlorophyll is a solid that looks like wax. Color - rich green: from olive to dark green.
Aroma - pleasant, not sharp, herbal. There is no taste. The substance is highly soluble in water, alcohol, oil and fats.
For food production, the E140 additive is packaged in multi-layered paper bags of large volume, over 25 kg. In retail, you can buy natural dye in bags weighing 10 grams or more. With the help of the dye you can make the finished product color in all shades of green, but it all depends on the proportion of dye component injection .
Chlorophyll is very sensitive to the effects of high temperature and ultraviolet, under adverse conditions it begins to rapidly deteriorate, losing its properties.
In the food industry, chlorophyll is used precisely as a dye. With it, food stained in green, including all its shades.
E140 index can be seen on the labels:
- dairy products and desserts containing milk;
- sauces and mayonnaise;
- canned fruit and jelly.
Even under the condition that the manufacturer decided to reduce production costs and used a synthetic dye in the manufacturing process, there is no need to fear E140. Even assuming that during the synthesis there were violations of the technology and in addition there are harmful additional substances, their inclusion is so insignificant that they are guaranteed not to be able to cause damage to health.
This dye is actively used not only in production, but also in the home kitchen. With it, you can make bright and beautiful sweets, jellies, drinks and sauces, without fear for the safety of the finished product.
The nutritional value
Chlorophyll is a natural dye, harmless to human health. Moreover, according to the results of recent studies, the food additive has pronounced anticarcinogenic properties.
In other words, the regular use of E140 supplement increases the protective properties of the body in the fight against cancer cells. The ability of chlorophyll to accelerate the elimination of toxins from the body was discovered several decades ago. That is why E140 is a must-have component of many dietary supplements and mineral-vitamin complexes.
Effect on the body
Chlorophyll can quite confidently be called a useful substance for the human body. And let today there are still debates about the strength of the effects of the additive on the body, there is no doubt about its usefulness. Unknown remains only the degree of influence.
Anyway, today we can say that E140 dye releases the body from toxins, increases the protective functions and prevents the development of cancer cells.
Since the structure of chlorophyll is as close as possible to the heme, although it cannot completely replace this important blood component, it contributes to a better supply of oxygen to all organs and systems.
People suffering from hypertension and irregularities in the work of the cardiovascular system should not deny themselves the pleasure to enjoy the useful desserts containing natural dye more often. After a certain period of time, an improvement in general condition will be noted. Also, this component is very useful for anyone who is at risk of urolithiasis.
Additionally, E140 is a powerful antioxidant that effectively cleanses the blood of free radicals and prevents premature aging of the body. This ability is actively used in pharmacology - many vitamin and prophylactic preparations are made on the basis of the additive.
Creams, ointments and sprays for healing wounds and burns that have a pronounced green color also contain chlorophyll. In this case, the substance is not used as a dye, but as the main active ingredient. This food concentrate also perfectly absorbs organic odors, including the smell of human sweat, so it can be used in the production of deodorants and talcs.
If we talk about the negative impact of the additive E140 on the body, then the target gets a synthetic dye is not too high quality. Third-party impurities formed during the manufacture can cause skin allergic reactions.