The birth of a child changes the usual life of any girl, especially when it comes to nutrition. In the postpartum period, the woman’s body should receive a large amount of vitamins and minerals for the fastest recovery and to maintain lactation (the baby with breast milk should receive all the substances necessary for the development).
Proper nutrition of mothers in the postpartum period
There are several basic principles on which the nutrition of nursing mothers is based. The first is individuality. According to experts, one standard postpartum diet does not exist, since it is important to take into account the individual characteristics of each female body: the structure of the figure, the state of the immune system, and the presence of allergic reactions. And if one mommy can afford to arrange fasting days on apples, then for another, apples can be completely prohibited and you need to choose a different product for these purposes. The second is the selection of an individual nutritional schedule. This period depends on the characteristics of the body of the newly minted mother and on the reaction of the baby. Each new product should be introduced into the diet gradually, so as not to provoke a negative reaction of the newborn.
The postpartum diet is important and there is a list of food groups that must be completely removed from the diet of a woman in the postpartum period, these include: fruits, namely citrus fruits and everything with a red color (red apples, peaches, etc.); potential allergens - exotic foods, caviar, honey, etc .; non-seasonal vegetables, for example, tomatoes and cucumbers (in winter); carbonated sweet water; grapes; cabbage; sausages; smoked meats.
Say stop orange and chocolate
There are situations when a nursing mother eats a small piece of chocolate, and a baby rash appears on her cheeks after feeding. And when mom allows herself to eat cabbage diet salad - a sleepless night is guaranteed, as the child has bloating and colic.
Yes, there are children who normally react to any product eaten by their mother, but this is more an exception than a rule. Therefore, mom needs to carefully monitor her diet and plan it with utmost care. Women during lactation should completely abandon: strawberries, red fish, peas, coffee, tea, nuts, chocolate, mayonnaise, preservation, alcohol, oranges.
The first weeks after birth in terms of nutrition are quite strict, since it is necessary to adhere to generally accepted recommendations of specialists. The main goal in the selection of nutrition is to quickly restore a woman after pregnancy and childbirth, and to help the baby adapt in the new world.
The postpartum diet in the early days may include:
|Day after childbirth||Products|
|1 day||Bread in the form of crackers, low-fat broth, tea|
|2 days||Buckwheat porridge, cooked on water with the addition of a small amount of vegetable oil + 1 day menu|
|3 days||Beef stewed or boiled, Low-fat cheeses (salted and smoked cheeses must be said no) + menu 1 and 2 days|
In addition to food, it is important to drink at least two liters of pure water per day.
Three days after the birth, the diet can be supplemented somewhat with such products:
- baked fruits;
- boiled, baked or steamed vegetables (with a minimum amount of salt);
- fermented milk products with a minimum percentage of fat content;
- dried fruit compotes;
- vegetable liquid soups;
- whole grain cereal.
Seven days after birth, you can start to use:
- fresh green apples;
- meat broths not concentrated;
- boiled or baked sea fish;
- Do not forget about the drinking regimen - 2 liters of water per day.
The third week for giving birth allows you to further diversify the diet, adding to it:
- boiled cereals in the form of porridge and as part of soups;
- fresh chicken eggs (in limited quantities);
- dry cookies;
- vegetables: boiled cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, beets;
- freshly squeezed fruit drinks.
Postpartum Diet After Cesarean Section
Caesarean section is a major operation, after which the body spends an incredible amount of effort to recover. After an operative birth, it is important to observe not only the woman’s reproductive system, but also the urinary and nutritional systems. In order to help the body recover, specialists make up a special diet and a regimen for fluid intake. A standard mother's diet in this case is simply necessary.
In the first day after surgery, you can use only non-carbonated mineral water. All other nutrients enter the body intravenously. Only from the second or even from the third day on the menu are added vegetable broths, chicken breast and whole grains on the water. Further, the diet of a woman after cesarean is no different from the diet that gave birth naturally.
To maintain lactation or to stimulate it, the following products must be included in the diet:
- fermented milk products: yogurts, fermented baked milk, kefir (low-fat) approximately 0.5 liters per day;
- low-fat types of meat in boiled or baked form;
- low-fat cottage cheese;
- fruits and vegetables - except those that can cause gas formation;
- vegetable and butter.
During breastfeeding, women are strictly forbidden to adhere to strict diets. Since strict diets after childbirth do not provide complete nutrition, therefore, milk may disappear. During lactation, it is better not to engage in any experiments with weight and nutrition. Give your body time to recover and rest after such serious stress as pregnancy and childbirth. You can go on a traditional type of weight loss diet only when you have completely stopped breast-feeding (or the third month after giving birth, if the baby is breast-fed).
Breastfeeding - Diet
In fact, if you choose the right diet, it will automatically contribute to the loss of extra pounds. Most women in the postpartum period are actively losing weight. Since they eat properly and with a corresponding load on the body (mothers after childbirth live according to a schedule that has a beneficial effect on the state of the whole organism).
All products that are included in the diet are dietary, low-calorie and non-fat. In order for nutrition during lactation to bring the weight loss effect, you need to know a few rules: there should be at least six meals a day, the last meal should be three hours before bedtime, do not forget about drinking regimen, sweets can be consumed in minimal doses and then only in the morning.
Features of the postpartum diet include many nuances. It is important to observe the drinking regime - drink at least two liters of pure water per day, teas, soups, etc. are not considered. Particular attention should be paid to fractional nutrition - four meals a day with two or three snacks. In this case, the metabolism will accelerate, and will be favorably displayed on the lactation process. The total amount of food consumed per day should not exceed 1500 grams. For a nursing mother a day, one hundred grams of animal protein must be consumed without fail, and raw vegetables must be replaced with boiled, stewed, baked. Rule: “You need to eat for two” - you need to exclude, overeating is not recommended and connect the vitamin complex to the diet.
During the period of weight loss, folds form on the body, so you need to connect physical exercises to proper nutrition. For mothers after childbirth, and especially after cesarean section, the load should be minimal, but regular - frequent walks in the air (useful for both mother and baby), light exercise in the morning, swimming.
It is important to remember that the diet for those who have given birth does not in any way allow a state of thirst and hunger - these two conditions are completely contraindicated for women during lactation. Nutrition in any case should be healthy, nutritious and varied. Do not exhaust yourself with diets for weight loss, because you can harm not only your body, but also the body of the child. You need to lose weight correctly and gradually.